DNA Analysis of Ancient Human Neolithic Remains in Northeastern Siberia

Researchers have analyzed the (abstract here) HVR1 (hypervariable region 1) of the mtDNA control region belonging to an ancient female skeleton.  The skeleton, approximately 3,600 years old, was discovered in 1980 in a frozen Neolithic grave in northeastern Siberia.

Sequencing of a 377-base pair fragment (16015-16391) revealed three mutations; C16223T, T16298C, and C16327T.  These mutations are characteristic of haplogroup C in Siberian and Asian populations.