This morning’s Keynote at Rootstech 2012, was from Ancestry.com and was entitled “Making the Most of Technology to Further the Family History Industry.” Although I was unable to attend Rootstech in person this year, I was able to view the keynote online.
Ken Chahine has served as Senior Vice President and General Manager for Ancestry DNA, LLC since 2011. Prior to joining us he held several positions, including as Chief Executive Officer of Avigen, a biotechnology company, in the Department of Human Genetics at the University of Utah, and at Parke-Davis Pharmaceuticals (currently Pfizer). Mr. Chahine also teaches a course focused on new venture development, intellectual property, and licensing at the University of Utah’s College of Law. He earned a Ph.D. in Biochemistry from the University of Michigan, a J.D. from the University of Utah College of Law, and a B.A. in Chemistry from Florida State University.
During the keynote Dr. Chahine discussed the “revolution in the science of genomics” that many people really don’t appreciate yet. He noted that this revolution is driving all sorts of new products and development.
Dr. Chahine stated that genealogists have been doing a good job so far of using DNA for family history, but so far it’s been pretty modest, typically turning to DNA when there is a problem. With the revolution, however, “DNA is going turn into content.” We can now look at millions and millions of markers throughout the genome regardless of male or female. There are about 100 errors per generation, which are “breadcrumbs” or clues left by our ancestors about where they were in the past. We will be able to get to the point where we can analyze and use that DNA content to tell us things like:
“what town did they live in in the past, and when did they live there, and things like that that are really going to revolutionize, I think, the way we think about DNA.”
In response to a question from the panel leader about the computational and analytical challenges to autosomal DNA products, Dr. Chahine noted that he has been building a team of computational biologists knowledgeable about DNA that have been creating and refining algorithms to analyze the date and present it in meaningful ways to users.
The panelists were also asked what would be one of the biggest changes to genealogy over the next 10 years. Dr. Chahine offered the following:
“We’re also going to integrate DNA into records in a way that people may not think is immediately obvious, but the DNA is also going to help pick out who the right John Doe that you’re looking for in the future, and we’re working on things like that.”
Hearing from Dr. Chahine was extremely interesting, educational, and entertaining.
Why Autosomal DNA Testing?
It is clear that Ancestry.com is spending considerable amounts of time and money into their new autosomal DNA offerings. Why would Ancestry.com spend so much time and money getting into the autosomal DNA business? There are at least several important reasons, not the least of which is access to an enormous genealogy-minded consumer database (~1.7 million current subscribers to Ancestry.com, I believe).
However, perhaps the single most important reason for Ancestry.com to get into the autosomal DNA business is their almost-unrivaled ability to combine the results of DNA testing with an enormous database of traditional records. Combining the results of autosomal DNA with family trees and paper records is, of course, the future of genetic genealogy. Ancestry.com users have already been combining paper records with their family trees. I, for example, have digitally connected numerous census and other records to individuals within my uploaded family tree. In 2012 we will be able to add autosomal DNA as yet another layer to our family trees. For example, if John Doe and I both have family trees uploaded to Ancestry.com, and our testing reveals that we have shared DNA, we can connect that shared DNA to our shared ancestors.
In the not-so-distant future, once we have this massive combination of trees, records, and DNA, we might even be able to ask very advanced questions that we can currently only dream of:
- What DNA/genes found today traveled to North America on the Mayflower?
- Given my known family tree and my autosomal test results, from what ancestral individual in the Ancestry.com database might I have inherited this portion of DNA?
- Based on the shared DNA of his ancestors, please recreate the genome my great-great-great-great-great grandfather John Doe.
It is important to understand that while the amount of both information and computing power necessary for these types of questions is enormous, it will likely be within the ability of the field over the next 5-20 years.
Are there any [currently outrageous] questions you can only dream of asking today but think might be answerable in the future using DNA?
In anticipation of the NBC series Who Do You Think You are, Ancestry.com released several video promos. One of these promos (HERE) includes video at 1:02 of one of the celebrities reviewing what appears to be an ethnicity analysis (entitled “Genetic Ethnicity”) of his autosomal DNA, as well as the identification of a distant cousin (thanks to Cece Moore for pointing to the video (who in turn thanks Shannon!)). The interface states that “Ancestry.com’s DNA analysis looks at your recent ethnicity, going back about 10 generations.”
According to the interface shown in the video, which is likely to be an early version, the test breaks down biogeographical ancestry not only into broad continental categories such as “European” and “African,” but also into regions within those categories. For example, the results shown in the video are 74% African and 20% European. Under the “African” tab, the results show 27% Bamoun, 22% Brong, 13% Yoruba, and 12% Igbo (a total of 74%!).
The interface also shows the locations of these groups superimposed on a map of Africa, as well as nodes which appear to represent connections (possibly genetic cousins) in those populations. Clicking on a node, for example, brings up what appears to be a genetic cousin and shows the predicted relationship (here, a 10th cousin), various biographical information (including date of birth), a link to view the individual’s tree, and a contact link.
For More Information
Cece Moore at Your Genetic Genealogist also has a great series of posts about Ancestry.com’s new Autosomal DNA product:
Be sure to following The Genetic Genealogist, and I’ll be sure to share the latest information about Ancestry.com’s Autosomal DNA product with you.